Internal Medicine and Medical Investigation Journal

ISSN: 2474-7750

Epidemiological Survey of Multiple Sclerosis in East-Azerbaijan Province, Iran, 2014

Abstract

Author(s): Behzad Yousefi, Samad Shams Vahdati, Hossein Mazouchian, Reza Dehghan Hesari

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) as a chronic disease of the central nervous system have the very prevalent in worldwide. Its epidemiology is different region by region, and most of the geographical and environmental factors may play a role in its incidence. We designed this study to analyze demographic characteristics of MS. Methods: This survey has been conducted in East-Azerbaijan province, northwest of Iran. Prevalence of the MS has been measured using data from Committee for Diagnosis and Treatment of MS in 2014. Age, gender, and type of the disease also had been investigated in this research. Independent T-Test, Chi-square, Pearson and Fisher’s exact test used to analyze data by SPSS21. Results: We had 2774 MS patients in 2014. Of them, 726 (26%) were male and 2003 (73%) were female. The mean age of males and females was 38±9 years and 37.09±9 years, respectively. The mean age of male patients significantly was higher than females (P=0.001). We measured 73.26 prevalence per 100000 populations in East-Azerbaijan province. Conclusion: Prevalence of the MS showed a significant increase in 5 years compared to previous studies. Because of disease’s dishabilitating entity more interventional investigations are recommended to perform in preventing disease incidence or improving the quality of life of sufferers and increasing their life expectancy

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