Author(s): Hossein Yazdekhasti, Zahra Rajabi
Background: Over the past decades, improved diagnostic and prognostic procedures have resulted in an increased number of cancer survivors; with this, the demand for fertility preservation options has risen dramatically. Cancer patients who are interested in fertility preservation have several options that can be pursued based on age, risk of gonadal involvement, time available, and type of cancer, each with different advantages and disadvantages. Methods: Relevant papers were identified using a computerized literature search on recent papers in PubMed and MEDLINE. Results: Of all possible options, embryo cryopreservation for women and semen freezing for men are the most common; however, gonadal tissue cryopreservation and oocyte cryopreservation are other promising options that can be considered if a partner is not available. Both women and men with cancer benefit from adequate consultation regarding possible fertility preservation options. Conclusion: Providing patients and their families with immediate and accurate information helps ensure that the best fertility preservation decisions are made.