Internal Medicine and Medical Investigation Journal

ISSN: 2474-7750

Personality Disorders in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome


Author(s): Mohammad Moein Dehesh, Hossein Sadeghi, Mahin Eslami Shahrbabaki, Reihanehsadat Hosseini

Introduction: Physical factors predict up to 50% of the incidence of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Multiple influencing factors got analyzed but personality disorders have been noticed recently. Accordingly, we aimed to assess Personality Disorders (PD) in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Materials and Methods: In this study, 82 hospitalized patients with ACS in the cardiac care unit and 85 pa-tients of other units of two university referral hospitals in Kerman (southeastern of Iran) were recruited. The sampling method was a census and all hospitalized literate patients were evaluated during the study period. Demographic and background in-formation were recorded. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III) ques-tionnaire was completely filled for each person. The SPSSver22 software was used to analyze the data.Results: On the basis of age, gender, marital status, education, and occupation, both of the groups were matched. Avoidant/depressive personality disor-der was the most common disorder suchlike included 41% of the ACS group and 31% of the control group (P=0.19). Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) was observed in 30% of the ACS group and 16% of the control group (P=0.04). His-trionic Personality Disorder (HPD) was seen in 28% of the ACS group and 23% of the control group (P=0.59). In total, 81% of the ACS group and 66% of the control group had at least one Personality Disorder (P = 0.02). Conclusions: High preva-lence of personality disorders in patients with ACS and the significant difference in comparison to other hospitalized patients suggests serious psychiatric follow-up and treatments for them

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